The seven steps we use in our counseling methodology model are as follows:

1) Provide Perspective 

2) Collect Data

 3) Identify / Prioritize Problems

4) Direct or Confront the Counselee

5) Establish Directives / Secure Commitment

6) Provide Hope

7) Assign and Evaluate Homework


Six of the seven steps we utilize are similar to those observed among many other counselors within the biblical counseling tradition. The person who should rightfully be credited for discovering the majority of the underlying principles of these steps is Dr. Jay Adams. Each of our seven steps of counseling has its basis in Scripture.

It is best to collectively view the steps of Reformed biblical counseling as those which are both linear (i.e., represented by a line) and variegated (i.e., diverse) in nature.



Viewing the counseling process as one which is linear in nature provides the counselor with a framework which is structured. This structure helps him/her continue moving forward in the counseling process with each session.




Viewing the process as one which is variegated provides the counselor with the flexibility he/she needs to move from one step to another in a non-sequential manner as necessary. For example, if while in the pursuit of collecting data the counselee becomes overcome with sorrow and a sense of hopelessness, the counselor should provide hope. In the same vein, it might become necessary to confront the counselee while in the process of collecting data, and to collect more data while in the process of confronting the counselee.